Effects of Thickness of Roof Layers on Optimum Design of Truss Bolt System Using Finite Element Modeling Techniques
Behrooz Ghabraie*, Gang Ren
School of Civil, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, RMIT University, GPO Box 2475V, Melbourne VIC 3001, Australia
Faculty of Engineering and Surveying, University of Southern Queensland, West Street, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia
In underground excavations, optimum design of reinforcement systems is largely based on geological features of the surrounding rock such as in-situ stress distribution, rock strength properties, thickness of the layers, etc. In current design of truss bolt systems these parameters are yet to be considered. In this study, effects of changing thickness of roof layers on optimum design of truss bolt have been investigated using three stability indicators, namely reduction in the loosened area above the roof, number of plastic points and horizontal movement on the first bedding plane. Total of 7 different bedding configurations have been generated and 100 different truss bolt designs have been tested on each bedding configuration. Results showed that by changing the thickness of the roof layers, the optimum design of truss bolt changes drastically. In highly laminated formations, it has been demonstrated that a gently inclined bolt angle is more effective, while by increasing the thickness of roof layers, truss bolt systems with a higher bolt angle and longer bolts, i.e. similar to systematic rock bolt systems, responds better.
Keywords: Truss bolt; ground reinforcement; FEM; optimum design
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