Particle Shape Quantities and Measurement Techniques–A Review

 

Juan M. Rodriguez

Ph.D. Student
Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural resources engineering, Luleċ University of Technology, Tel: +46 920 491523, SE - 971 87, Luleċ, Sweden
e-mail: juan.rodriguez@ltu.se

Tommy Edeskär

Assistant Professor
Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural resources engineering, Luleċ University of Technology, Tel: +46 920 493065, SE – 971 87, Luleċ, Sweden
e-mail: tommy.edeskar@ltu.se

Sven Knutsson

Professor
Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural resources engineering, Luleċ University of Technology, Tel: +46 920 491332, SE – 971 87, Luleċ, Sweden
e-mail: sven.knutsson@ltu.se

 

 ABSTRACT

It has been shown in the early 20th century that particle shape has an influence on geotechnical properties. Even if this is known, there has been only minor progress in explaining the processes behind its performance and has only partly implemented in practical geotechnical analysis. This literature review covers different methods and techniques used to determine the geometrical shape of the particles. Particle shape could be classifying in three categories; sphericity - the overall particle shape and similitude with a sphere, roundness - the description of the particle’s corners and roughness - the surface texture of the particle. The categories are scale dependent and the major scale is to sphericity while the minor belongs to roughness. The overview has shown that there is no agreement on the usage of the descriptors and is not clear which descriptor is the best. One problem has been in a large scale classify shape properties. Image analysis seems according to the review to be a promising tool, it has advantages as low time consumption or repeatability. But the resolution in the processed image needs to be considered since it influences descriptors such as e.g. the perimeter. Shape definitions and its potential role in soil mechanics are discussed.

Keywords: Particle shape, Quantities, Image analysis.

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